By Gelek Rimpoche Melvyn C. Goldstein
The "Tibetan Question," the character of Tibet's political prestige vis-?-vis China, has been the topic of usually bitterly competing perspectives whereas the proof of the difficulty haven't been absolutely available to observers. whereas one faction has argued that Tibet was once, broadly speaking, traditionally self sustaining till it used to be conquered via the chinese language Communists in 1951 and included into the recent chinese language nation, the opposite faction perspectives Tibet as a standard a part of China that cut up away on the instigation of the British after the autumn of the Manchu Dynasty and was once later dutifully reunited with "New China" in 1951. by contrast, this entire learn of recent Tibetan historical past provides an in depth, non-partisan account of the dying of the Lamaist state.Drawing on a wealth of British, American, and Indian diplomatic documents; first-hand-historical money owed written by way of Tibetan individuals; and wide interviews with former Tibetan officers, monastic leaders, infantrymen, and investors, Goldstein meticulously examines what occurred and why. He balances the conventional specialise in diplomacy with an cutting edge emphasis at the elaborate internet of inner affairs and occasions that produced the autumn of Tibet. students and scholars of Asian historical past will locate this paintings a useful source and readers will have fun with the transparent clarification of hugely polemicized, and sometimes complicated, historic occasions.
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Extra info for A History of Modern Tibet, 1913 - 1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State
He proceeded to Urga, whence he returned again to Sining. We, mindful of his distant flight, and hoping that he would repent and reform his evil ways, ordered the local officials  Ibid.  Lamb (1966, vol. view=print 7/20/2006 A History of Modern Tibet, 1913–1951 Page 45 of 678 Shakabpa (1967), and Zhwa sgab pa (Shakabpa) (1976). ― 53 ― to pay him due attention. The year before last he came to Peking, was received in Audience, granted new Titles, and presented with gifts. On his way back to Tibet he loitered and caused trouble; yet every indulgence was shown to him in order to manifest Our compassion.
Monks supplemented their modest salary from the monastery in a number of indirect ways. All monks received tea and some food when they attended the various khamtsen-, college-, and monastery-level prayer sessions, which occurred almost daily throughout the year. view=print 7/20/2006 A History of Modern Tibet, 1913–1951 Page 35 of 678 endowment funds or estate revenues. Responsibility for providing the food for each of these festivals was usually given to an individual monk or group of monks, who had to collect the grain and  Grunfeld 1975: 17.
61 ― and pure form. Buddhism should be taught, learned and meditated upon properly. Except for special persons, the administrators of monasteries are forbidden to trade, loan money, deal in any kind of livestock, and/or subjugate another's subjects. (3) The Tibetan government's civil and military officials, when collecting taxes or dealing with their subject citizens, should carry out their duties with fair and honest judgment so as to benefit the government without hurting the interests of the subject citizens.