By Tim Leadbeater
Britain and India, 1845-1947 has been aimed particularly at scholars following the Edexcel requirements for this era at AS and A2. It charts the political, advertisement, and cultural courting among India and Britain in this time, detailing how this shifted due to the global wars. There also are chapters protecting the increase of nationalism in India and the trail to independence.
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He saw the position of Viceroy as his destiny and, unprecedently, sought to be appointed. ’ Curzon was high-minded and the scourge of British incompetence and injustice when he felt it threatened the moral and practical authority of the British minority in India. When the ofﬁcers of the West Kent Regiment failed to investigate the gang rape of an elderly Burmese woman by their soldiers, Curzon had the entire regiment posted to the Arabian desert region of Aden for two years without leave. However, his high self-regard led to his downfall in a political trial of strength between himself and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Army, Lord Kitchener.
The Morley–Minto reforms Motives The new Liberal government in Britain took its responsibility for India seriously, but interpreted the duty of care in a less paternalistic and more trusting manner. The perception was that the gulf between the rulers and the ruled had widened and this was not only bad in itself but politically negligent. The government had been caught out by the sudden and widespread agitation over the partition of Bengal and the support for swadesh. The fear of mutiny lurked behind the sense of being out of touch.
But the moderates met in private the next day, called a meeting which they termed a national convention and elected a convention committee which in due course framed a new Congress constitution requiring acceptance of the moderate objective of self-government within Empire. It seemed to the moderates that they had succeeded. Indeed, for a decade the radicals were excluded from Congress. The moderate victory seemed complete when some of the radical 38 | Britain and India 1845–1947 Proﬁle: Gopal Krishna Gokhale 1866–1915 1866 1886 1889 1890 1895 1897–1914 1902 1905–15 1915 – – – – – – – – – Born in Kolhat, western India Schoolteacher after studying law Member of Congress Secretary to Poona Sarvajanik Sabha Secretary of Congress Made several political visits to England Elected to Imperial Legislative Council President of Congress Died Gokhale was born into a Brahmin family from western India.