By Paul Cheremisinoff
This addition to the Advances in Environmental regulate expertise sequence comprises 23 chapters designed to supply an intensive assessment and reference on human physiological responses to numerous kinds of pollutants.
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Additional info for Advances in Environmental Control Technology: Health and Toxicology (Advances in Environmental Control Technology)
Experimental studies in rodents have shown that radioactive lead crosses the placental barrier in significant amounts even if blood Pb level in the pregnant female is low. Calcium cations lower the concentration of Pb in erythrocytes followed a linear-dose response pattern. These cations also reduce the rate of Pb transport between blood plasma and bones. Calcium may usefully be applied for dietary supplementation in children from similar uptake kinetics in adults. One of the important aspects of a global UNEPAVHO project on assessment of exposure to Pb and Cd through biological monitoring is quality control in the analysis of these trace elements in blood.
Usually the estimation of risk factors is limited to the measurements of exposure on ionizing radiation only. —the ability of keeping homeostasis in an organism, including the risk of cancer incidence, is influenced by a synergistic Environmental Risk Factors on Cancer and Their Primary Prevention 31 effect of physical, chemical, biological, and other factors that directly or indirectly cause neoplastic diseases. Thus, at the same working exposure the risk can be different depending on total exposure to all carcinogens, co-carcinogens, immunosuppressors, and promoters of carcinogenesis out of work.
The export of outdated cars to less developed countries, where they are widely used and not only cause enormous waste of petrol resources, but also contaminated environment with strongly carcinogenic poly-aromatic carbohydrates. An essential element of primary prevention of cancer is proenvironmental education of the society by encyclopedias, textbooks, and mass media, particularly in countries of lower levels of environmental and hygienic awareness. Nowadays the use of effective means of visual propaganda for the increase of cigarette consumption, which is high anyway, becomes a bigger and bigger problem in Central and East European countries.